Best answer: Why Indian weavers lost their job after arrival of British clothes to India?

What were the problems faced by the Indian weavers after the arrival of the British?

By the turn of the nineteenth century, as British Industrialization took place, Indian weavers faced two problems- the collapse of their export market and the shrinking of their local markets which were flooded with cheap, imported British goods.

Why were Indian weavers ruined under the British rule?

When Indian textiles were imported to Britain, a very heavy custom duty was imposed to create unfavourable conditions for the Indian textiles. … By the middle of the 19th century, machine made cotton cloth of Britain captured Indian Markets. Indian weavers and spinners lost their livelihood and were ruined.

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Why did the Indian weaving industry suffer?

(ii) The government put more import duties on the textile coming from India to encourage the local industries. As a result, the Indian weavers lost their overseas market. … This created an acute shortage of raw material for the weavers and the Indian handloom industry collapsed.

How did the British destroy the Indian textile industry?

Britain imposed draconian taxes on imports of Indian textiles into Britain, while levying drastically lower taxes on British textiles that were imported into India. … “Cheap, machine-made, and mass-produced textiles flooded the Indian market, and they seemed to be on par with Indian textiles as well.”

What happened to the weavers after they lost their jobs?

As a result many weavers from all over India were thrown out of their employment. Weavers and spinners who lost their livelihood became agricultural labourers, some migrated to cities in search of work and some migrated to Africa and South America to work on plantations.

What is the main problem of weavers?

As the cotton industry developed in England, Indian cotton weavers faced two problems – their export market collapsed and local market shrank being flooded with British goods. Indian handmade goods could not compete with fine machine made goods of England. weavers were forced to buy raw cotton at exorbitant prices.

How did the British exploit the Indian artisans and weavers?

Explanation: They started making cheap products by using machines. In this way, the artisans and weavers entered into an unfair market of machine-made products and faced great losses. Heavy fees were imposed on them for exporting the products.

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What was the impact of British rule on the Indian economy?

The Industrial Revolution in England created a serious impact on Indian economy as it reversed the character and composition of India’s foreign trade. This led to destruction of Indian handicrafts although there was no substantial growth of modern factory industry.

How British rule in India exploited Indian artisans and weavers?

Once the markets were closed demand for Indian products declined suddenly and production stopped. It resulted in making the artisans and craftsman jobless and handicraft industries were closed down. Introduction of railways opened a new era for the transport system in India.

How did British destroy handloom industry?

The English East India Company was concerned with its own profits. The textile mills in England needed a regular supply of raw cotton. The Company took cotton at very low prices and sent it to England.In return mill made cloth was send to India. Since cloth made on machines was cheaper the handloom industry of India.

Why did the handloom industry collapse in India during 19th century?

Answer : The handloom industry collapsed due to the following reasons: … Due to the Civil War in the US, Britain imported a lot of raw materials from India for their industries. This created a shortage of raw materials in the local markets of India.

What were the reasons for the decline of handloom industry in India?

Decades of poorly-implemented protection policies and the growth of power loom imitations has led to the slow downfall of the handloom sector. The position of handlooms in the socio-political arena and the sector’s annual contribution to the economy cannot be objectively stated.

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How did the British policies affect the Indian cotton and silk weavers?

Taxes, taxes, taxes. The Company didn’t just focus on crippling Indian handlooms and weavers in the short-term with their price fixing strategy and enforcing it through violence; they also adopted long-term taxation strategies to ensure that the Indian textile trade would be permanently crippled.

How was the Indian textile industry affected by the arrival of machine made cloth from Britain?

Britain began to export machine-made yarn and cloth to India in the 1780s. Encouraging exports of low-cost fabric and imposing tariffs on imports of Indian cloth enabled Britain’s textile industry to grow rapidly but severely hampered the development of India’s own industry.

How was Indian cotton industry destroyed?

Answer Expert Verified. Indian cotton enterprises were demolished with the inconvenience of an overwhelming obligation on Indian Goods, advancement of British machine-made articles at less expensive rates, and a diminishing in the royal support.