Quercus robur, or English oak, is native to Europe, northern Africa, and western Asia. It is part of the white oak family and will grow to a height and width of about 30-40 feet.
How long does it take for an English oak tree to grow?
The expected growth rate of the English oak is just over 0.5m per year. Growing to 6m after 10 years and 11m after 20 years. The female flowers are found near the end of each twig and are reddish-brown in colour.
What is an English oak tree look like?
English oak is a medium-large tree, up to 25 – 35 m (82′ – 114′) with thick branches, a broad, full crown that is sometimes uneven, and a large stout trunk. The cultivated variety Fastigiata has a tight, columnar shape. Bark on older trees has broad dark grey plates separated by deep furrows.
How old can English Oaks get?
English oaks can grow to very old ages, living well over 500 years, especially if they are pollarded. One of the most famous English oaks in the country is the Major oak in Sherwood Forest – thought to be over 800 years old, it was believed to have been standing when the legendary Robin Hood was outlawed in the forest.
How big is a 10 year old oak?
As trees mature at around 20 years, a 10 year old oak tree size, then could be anywhere between 10 feet and 20 feet tall, but this varies.
Do English oaks have acorns?
English oak is a long-lived oak with a broadly rounded to spreading habit with a short trunk. It is an excellent specimen tree or can be planted in a grouping in large open landscapes. The acorns form a valuable food source for several small mammals and some birds but trees may take up to 20 years to produce fruit.
How old does an oak tree have to be before it produces acorns?
Oaks are wind pollinated. Acorns are produced generally when the trees are between 50-100 years old. Open-grown trees may produce acorns are early as 20 years. Good acorn crops are irregular and occur only every 4-10 years.
What type of tree is English oak?
English oak, (Quercus robur), also called brown oak, ornamental and timber tree of the beech family (Fagaceae) that is native to Eurasia but also cultivated in North America and Australia. The tree has a short stout trunk with wide-spreading branches and may grow to a height of 25 metres (82 feet).
What is English oak used for?
The timber, prized for its strength and durability, is still used in the construction of houses, furniture making and of course, shipbuilding.
Why is it called English oak?
In England, the English oak has assumed the status of a national emblem. This has its origins in the oak tree at Boscobel House, where the future King Charles II hid from his Parliamentarian pursuers in 1650 during the English Civil War; the tree has since been known as the Royal Oak.
Is English oak expensive?
Because English oak is rather rare it is also more costly than European oak, which means for many of our products we are forced to use European oak in order to remain competitive.
How do you care for an English oak tree?
This tree grows best in full sun, although younger trees can tolerate some shade. They’re not too fussy when it comes to temperate or humidity but do prefer climates that have distinct, seasonal patterns. Like most hardwood trees, they prefer rich, well draining soil that remains moist.
How do you grow an English oak tree?
How to grow your own oak tree
- Collect acorns. Gather some acorns from the ground. …
- Add acorns to compost. Fill a small flowerpot, yogurt pot or plastic cup with peat-free compost mixed with some sand or sawdust. …
- Germinate. …
- Re-pot your seedlings.
How tall is a 100 year old oak tree?
In June of last year, the 100 year old Ghirardi Compton Oak was relocated. The tree is 56 feet tall, 100 feet wide and 135 inches around.
What is fastest growing tree?
The Fastest Fast Growing Trees
- Quaking Aspen. …
- October Glory Red Maple. …
- Arborvitae Green Giant. …
- River Birch. …
- Dawn Redwood. …
- Leyland Cypress. …
- Paper Birch. …
- Pin Oak. A large shade tree that quickly reaches its 70 foot height with an average growth rate of 2.5 feet per year.
How far apart do you plant oak trees?
Place oak trees 20 to 25 feet apart for optimum-growth forest stands. This distance gives plenty or room for the seedlings to grow and share nutrients.