What did the British Empire import and export?

Exports to the colonies consisted mainly of woollen textiles; imports included sugar, tobacco and other tropical groceries for which there was a growing consumer demand.

What did the British Empire import?

During the 19th century, Britain imported hundreds of commodities from all over the world. Ten of the most important were cotton, wool, wheat, sugar, tea, butter, silk, flax, rice and guano.

What did the British Empire trade?

They traded sugar cane, tea, silk, paintings, art, jewels, sugar,cotton, perfumes and tobacco. The British Empire grew the British economy, it traded their goods and all profits were sent to Britain.

What goods did Great Britain export?

From Us to the World – the UK’s Top Five Exports

  • Crude oil – £20.0bn. …
  • Pharmaceutical products – £26.3bn. …
  • Electrical machinery – £27.7bn. …
  • Cars – £32.7bn. …
  • Mechanical machinery – £48.5bn.

How did the British Empire make money?

British traders made fortunes from ships freighted with opium off the coast of China. They helped themselves to the riches of India. They planted new crops in their expanding colonies, like rubber in Malaysia. … Britain became the world capital of money.

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What goods did Britain export to its colonies?

Exports to the colonies consisted mainly of woollen textiles; imports included sugar, tobacco and other tropical groceries for which there was a growing consumer demand. The triangular slave trade had begun to supply these Atlantic colonies with unfree African labour, for work on tobacco, rice and sugar plantations.

What did England export quizlet?

England imported sugar, molasses, and fruit from the West Indies as well as lumber, furs, whale oil, iron, gunpowder, rice, tobacco, indigo, and naval stores from the colonies. They exported manufactured goods, clothes, furniture, and luxuries to the colonies.

Why did Britain want an empire trade?

Britain had many reasons to want an empire. Economically, the rich natural resources available in Africa, Asia and the Pacific earned the country a lot of money as goods were imported and exported. Politically, it made Britain a very powerful country and allowed the spread of their influence across the world.

Why was the British Empire so important?

In the 19th and early 20th century, some historians argued that the empire was the deserved result of Britain’s technical and moral superiority. They argued that British rule established formal systems of government, law and education as well as the development of infrastructure, like railways.

What did Britain import from India?

Sales of British textiles to India helped boost the British economy, and at the same time, Britain imported Indian products such as cotton, tea, wheat, and rice. In claiming India as a colony, Great Britain also wanted to assert its mission of exporting their supposedly better culture to the rest of the world.

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What is Britain’s biggest import?

Between June 2020 and June 2021, the United Kingdom imported over 157 billion British pounds worth of machinery and transport equipment goods, the most of any commodity in this year.

What is Britains biggest export?

The following is a list of the exports of the United Kingdom.

# Product Value (in millions of USD)
1 Cars 38,573
2 Gas turbines 26,385
3 Crude petroleum 23,673
4 Gold 23,316

What are the UK’s top imports?

Top 10

  • Gems, precious metals: US$108.4 billion (17.2% of total imports)
  • Machinery including computers: $70.2 billion (11.1%)
  • Vehicles: $58 billion (9.2%)
  • Electrical machinery, equipment: $55.8 billion (8.8%)
  • Mineral fuels including oil: $34 billion (5.4%)
  • Pharmaceuticals: $25.9 billion (4.1%)

What were the main products of the empire by 1851?

By 1851 Britain was the workshop of the world producing two thirds of the world’s coal and a half of all cotton cloth and iron produced in the world. The freeing up of trade enabled this dominance to continue and exports around the world to increase.

What was the most valuable part of the British Empire?

India, Britain’s most valuable and populous possession, achieved independence as part of a larger decolonisation movement, in which Britain granted independence to most territories of the empire.

What did Britain export during the Industrial Revolution?

British exports consisted overwhelmingly of manufactured goods, with a share of 7590% over the period 17001851. At the start of the 18th century, woollen products were the major export manufacture, providing 69% of all manufacture exports at that time.