What is a keep in Scotland?

What’s the difference between a castle and a keep?

Originally Answered: What is the difference between a castle and a keep? The castle is the whole area contained within the walls and the keep is the central stronghold.

What is a Scottish keep?

Scottish castles are buildings that combine fortifications and residence, built within the borders of modern Scotland. … Initially these were wooden motte-and-bailey constructions, but many were replaced by stone castles with a high curtain wall.

Why is a castle called a keep?

Since the 16th century, the English word keep has commonly referred to large towers in castles. The word originates from around 1375 to 1376, coming from the Middle English term kype, meaning basket or cask, and was a term applied to the shell keep at Guînes, said to resemble a barrel.

How large is a keep?

Usual height for the motte of a large motte and bailey: 30 feet (9 m). Height of the walls of Framlingham Castle in England: 40 feet (12 m). Height of the keep at Dover Castle in England: 80 feet (24 m).

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What is the purpose of a keep?

The most obvious purpose was to act as the residence of the lord of the castle. For this, the top most portion of the keep was reserved. The bottom part of the keep was generally reserved for storage while the middle one was the great hall.

What is inside a keep?

The keep and the auxiliary buildings that supported castle life varied from castle to castle. Sometimes buildings (like the chapel, great hall and kitchens) were integrated into the keep, and sometimes they were separated. The keep was the main residence of the ruling lord.

What is a keep in a Motte and Bailey castle?

The motte is a raised mound of earth which has a wooden or stone building on it, often referred to as a keep. The bailey is an enclosed courtyard that is surrounded by walls and a ditch and palisade — which is a wooden stake fence.

What is a Norman keep?

Norman keeps were a form of stone keep built in England and Wales following the invasion of 1066. … The keeps were valued by the Normans for their military strength, but also typically had ceremonial functions.

What is a Don John in a castle?

donjon, orkeep, Most heavily fortified area of a medieval castle, usually a tower, to which the occupants could retire during a siege.

What would be in a castle keep?

keep, English term corresponding to the French donjon for the strongest portion of the fortification of a castle, the place of last resort in case of siege or attack. … The keep was either a single tower or a larger fortified enclosure.

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What is an ancient keep?

The keep, located within a courtyard and surrounded by a curtain wall, was the heart of a medieval castle. … With its extra thick walls and protected entrance, the keep was generally the safest place in a castle during the siege warfare of the 11th and 12th century CE.

Who lived in the keep of a castle?

During the late Middle Ages, from the 10th to the 16th centuries, kings and lords lived in castles. As well as the lord, the lady (his wife), and their family there were lots of staff. Some were important officials, such as the constable who took care of the castle when the lord was away.

What was the weakest point of a castle?

The entrance to the castle was always its weakest point. Drawbridges could be pulled up, preventing access across moats. Tall gate towers meant that defenders could shoot down in safety at attacks below. The main gate or door to the castle was usually a thick, iron-studded wooden door, that was hard to break through.

What are castle walls?

This wall and the short structures on it are all part of an architectural element known as a battlement. A battlement is the upper walled part of a castle or fortress. It’s usually formed out of a low, narrow wall on top of the outermost protective wall of a fortress or castle.

What are stone keep castles?

A Stone Keep Castle is a type of castle built in the 11th and 12th Centuries by the Normans who originally came from France. The people who built them and lived in them were typically rich noblemen and their families who wanted to show their power and status.

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