What was the British Raj quizlet?

The Raj was the term for British direct rule in India. How was the Raj Set up? The Empress would have rule over the area, but must be advised by parliament. The Empress appointed a viceroy, or governor, to rule over a region with several other officials being controlled by the viceroy.

Which defines the British Raj?

The British Raj was the British rule in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947. The term can also refer to the period of dominion. … The region was less commonly also called the Indian Empire.

What did the British Raj do?

British raj, period of direct British rule over the Indian subcontinent from 1858 until the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947. … The British government took possession of the company’s assets and imposed direct rule.

What was the impact of the British Raj?

They forced the commercialisation of agriculture with the growing of various cash crops and the raw materials for the industries in the Britain. With the strong political control, the British were able to monopolise the trade with India. They defeated their foreign rivals in trade so that there could be no competition.

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What did the British Raj bring to India?

The British view tended to portray British rule as a charitable exercise – they suffered India’s environment (eg climate, diseases) in order to bring to India good government and economic development (eg railways, irrigation, medicine). Modern admirers of British rule also note these benefits.

What does the word Raj mean what is its origin?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Raj (Hindi: राज, Urdu: راج, Bengali: রাজ) in different contexts means “rule”, “king”, “ruler”, “emperor” or “royalty” and “power” in the Sanskrit language families of the Indian sub-continent, including Romanes, its closest Indo-European relative.

What was one positive result of the British Raj’s rule in India?

What was one positive result of the British raj’s rule in India? India had a developed infrastructure, including railroads and communications. … In the late 1700s, Indian farmers produced cotton that was shipped to British factories to produce textiles.

Who led our freedom movement?

More than 100 years of such escalating rebellions created grounds for a large, impactful, millenarian movement in Eastern India that again shook the foundations of British rule in the region, under the leadership of Birsa Munda.

How was India before independence?

Prior to its search for independence, India had never enjoyed the privilege of deciding its own political fate. Even before the British arrived, there were many foreign rulers. … The earlier foreign rulers had slowly integrated themselves into Indian society; adopting their language, religion, social habits, and customs.

Why did Britain give up India?

1947: Partition of India

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During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942. … For this reason, Britain was desperate to keep India (and its army) united.

What was one negative consequence of the British Raj’s rule in India?

What was one negative consequence of the British raj’s rule in india? Civil servants were segregated from ordinary Indians. How did the decline of Mughal influence affect the East India company?

Who were the worst sufferers under the British rule?

Peasants were among the worst sufferers of British rule. However, peasants resisted the exploitation and started to organize collective protests and movements against the policies.

What was India called before British rule?

“Hindustan”, as the term Hindu itself, entered the English language in the 17th century. In the 19th century, the term as used in English referred to the Subcontinent. “Hindustan” was in use simultaneously with “India” during the British Raj.

How has Britain ruined India?

The British took thriving industries — like textiles, shipbuilding, and steel — and destroyed them through violence, taxes, import tariffs, and imposing their exports and products on the back of the Indian consumer. … In addition to decimating the economy, the British inflicted massive suffering on the Indian people.

Who ruled first in India?

The Maurya Empire (320-185 B.C.E.) was the first major historical Indian empire, and definitely the largest one created by an Indian dynasty. The empire arose as a consequence of state consolidation in northern India, which led to one state, Magadha, in today’s Bihar, dominating the Ganges plain.

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