Why do counties in England end in Shire?

The word shire derives from the Old English sćir, from the Proto-Germanic skizo (Old High German sćira), denoting an “official charge” a “district under a governor”, and a “care”. In UK usage, shire became synonymous with county, an administrative term introduced to England through the Norman Conquest, in A.D. 1066.

Why are some English counties called shires?

The word shire derives from the Old English sćir, from the Proto-Germanic *skizo (Old High German: sćira), denoting an ‘official charge’ a ‘district under a governor’, and a ‘care’.

What makes a county a shire?

A non-metropolitan county, or colloquially, shire county, is a county-level entity in England that is not a metropolitan county. The counties typically have populations of 300,000 to 1.8 million. The term shire county is, however, an unofficial usage.

Why are some counties shires and others not?

Some have it sometimes and others never. A shire was the Anglo-Saxon version of a county. We gained the word county from the Normans who had a different nobility system which they transplanted, the word county comes from count and was the area under a counts control.

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What is the difference between a county and a shire?

As nouns the difference between county and shire

is that county is (historical) the land ruled by a count or a countess while shire is former administrative area of britain; a county.

Who rules a Shire?

The Shire was a free, self-governed land within Arnor, specifically the Kingdom of Arthedain. It was free of nobility and royalty. Rather it was loosely governed by the Mayor, elected once every seven years.

Who divided England into shires?

The whole kingdom was divided into shires by the time of the Norman conquest. Robert of Gloucester accounts for thirty-five shires and William of Malmesbury thirty-two, Henry of Huntingdon, thirty-seven.

What is the richest county in England?


Rank County Total GVA
1 Greater London £364.310 billion
2 Surrey £60.001 billion
3 Greater Manchester £57.395 billion
4 West Midlands £55.544 billion

How many shires are in the UK?

There are 2 types of Non-Metropolitan Counties as Shire Counties and Unitary Authorities. With a non-official definition of the Shire, there are a total of 28 Shire County in the UK.

What is the oldest county in England?

Kent, England’s oldest county.

Why is Dorset not a shire?

Somerset and Dorset are old English names, meaning “people of Somerton” and “people of Dorchester” respectively. So the structure of the names is not a million miles away from the “shire”/”county of” construction, except named after the tribe rather than the land.

How many countries end in shire in England?

What is there about 11 counties in England that end in ‘shire’?

How many counties does Ireland have?

Northern Ireland is made up of 6 counties and the Republic of Ireland is made up of 26 counties.

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What is the smallest county in England?

Rutland, wedged between Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, Cambridgeshire, and Northamptonshire, is the smallest county—historic or otherwise—in England. Oakham is the administrative centre.

How many shires are there in Wales?

Since 1 April 1996, Wales has been divided into 22 single-tier principal areas (Welsh: Awdurdodau unedol), styled as counties or county boroughs (Welsh: sir or bwrdeistref sirol) for local government purposes.